Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

Hypoglycemia low blood sugar what is hypoglycemia hypoglycemia is a condition caused by low blood glucose blood sugar levels glucose is the main way your body gets energy the condition is most common in people with diabetes who have issues with medicine food or exercise but sometimes people who don’t have diabetes can also get low blood glucose there are two

Kinds of non-diabetic hypoglycemia reactive hypoglycemia which happens a few hours after you eat a meal fasting hypoglycemia which might be linked to medicine or a disease symptoms of hypoglycemia most people feel symptoms of hypoglycemia when their blood sugar is 70 milligrams per deciliter or lower the symptoms may be different depending on how low your blood

Sugar goes they usually include hunger shakiness anxiety sweating pale skin faster irregular heartbeat sleepiness dizziness crankiness as hypoglycemia gets worse symptoms might include confusion blurred vision passing out loss of consciousness seizures what causes hypoglycemia in people with diabetes drugs ask your doctor if any of your medicines can cause low

Blood sugar insulin treatment can cause low blood sugar and so can a type of diabetes medication called sulfonylureas commonly used sulfonylureas include glymepyride amero glyphazide glucotrol glyburide diabeta micronase micronized glyburide glinis older less common sulfonylureas tend to cause low blood sugar more often than newer ones examples of older drugs

Include chlorpropamide diabetes repaglinide prandin tolazamide colonies tolbutamide oranese you can also get low blood sugar if you drink alcohol or take allopurinol xyloprum probenicid probolin or warfarin coumadin with diabetes medications you shouldn’t get hypoglycemia if you take alpha glucosidase inhibitors biguanides such as metformin and thiazolidinediones

Alone but it can happen when you take them with sulfonylureas or insulin your diet you can get low blood sugar if you take too much insulin for the amount of carbohydrates you eat or drink for instance it can happen after you eat a meal that has a lot of simple sugars if you miss a snack or don’t eat a full meal if you eat later than usual if you drink alcohol

Without eating any food don’t skip meals if you have diabetes particularly if you’re taking diabetes medications what causes reactive hypoglycemia reactive hypoglycemia comes from having too much insulin in your blood it usually happens within a few hours after you eat other possible causes include having pre-diabetes or being more likely to have diabetes stomach

Surgery rare enzyme defects what causes fasting hypoglycemia fasting hypoglycemia can have several causes medicines such as aspirin and sulfa drugs too much alcohol use diseases of the liver kidney heart and pancreas low levels of some hormones certain tumors hypoglycemia tests and diagnosis to diagnose non-diabetic hypoglycemia your doctor will do a physical exam

And ask questions about any medicines you take they’ll want to know all about your health and any history of diseases or stomach surgery they’ll check your blood glucose level especially when you are having symptoms they’ll also check to see if you feel better when your sugar goes back to a normal level if your doctor suspects hypoglycemia you may have to fast

Until you start to have symptoms they’ll test your blood glucose level at different times throughout the fast to check for reactive hypoglycemia you may have to take a test called a mixed meal tolerance test mmtt for this you take a special drink that raises your blood glucose the doctor will check your blood glucose levels over the next few hours hypoglycemia

Treatment if you have diabetes check your blood sugar if it’s below your target level or below 70 eat or drink 15 to 20 grams of carbohydrates you can take juice hard candy or glucose tablets this will usually help your symptoms go away check your blood sugar again in 15 minutes and treat every 15 minutes if levels are still low call an ambulance if you don’t

Feel well or if you can’t get your blood sugar back up if you don’t have diabetes for a long-term solution how you treat hypoglycemia depends on what’s causing it if a medicine triggers your low blood sugar you may need to change it if a tumor is to blame you may need surgery for a quick fix you can eat or drink 15 grams of carbohydrates in the form of juice

Glucose tablets or hard candy hypoglycemia prevention if you have diabetes you can make some more easy changes to help keep your blood sugar steady eat at least three evenly spaced meals each day with between meal snacks as prescribed exercise 30 minutes to one hour after meals check your sugars before and after exercise and discuss with your doctor what types

Of changes you can make double check your insulin and dose of diabetes medicine before taking it if you drink alcohol be moderate and monitor your blood sugar levels know when your medicine is at its peak level test your blood sugar as directed by your doctor carry an identification bracelet that says you have diabetes if you don’t have diabetes ask your doctor

If you need to adjust what you eat or how much you exercise diet changes like these might help eat small meals and snacks every few hours include a broad variety of foods including protein fatty and high fiber foods don’t eat a lot of high sugar foods work with your doctor to figure out anything else that may be causing your symptoms if you pass out hypoglycemia

May make you pass out if so you’ll need someone to give you a glucagon shot glucagon is a prescription medicine that raises blood sugar you may need it if you have severe hypoglycemia it’s important that your family members and friends know how to give the shot if you have a reaction to low blood sugar if you see someone having a severe hypoglycemic reaction

Call for an ambulance or take them to the nearest hospital for treatment don’t try to give an unconscious person food fluids or insulin as they may choke don’t drive when you have low blood sugar it’s dangerous if you’re driving and you have hypoglycemia symptoms pull off the road check your blood sugar and eat a sugary food wait at least 15 minutes check your

Blood sugar and repeat these steps if needed eat a protein and carbohydrate source such as peanut butter crackers or cheese and crackers before you drive on be prepared keep a sugar source such as glucose tablets in your car at all times for emergencies council you

Transcribed from video
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) By K 115